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【媒库文选】奥巴马改变了前任总统的存在意义

2017-09-27 11:43:00 来源:参考消息网 责任编辑:王惜梦

核心提示:而正是特朗普和奥巴马之间的这种关系才解释了奥巴马的所作所为。2008年,奥巴马凭借打破白人对总统宝座的垄断而改造了总统之位。

Barack Obama Is Changing

What It Means to Be a Former President

奥巴马改变了前任总统的存在意义

Peter Kastor

彼得·卡斯托尔

bservers long wondered what would become of Barack Obama after he left office. Young and healthy, still pondering social problems, he always seemed an unlikely candidate for the list of distant former presidents. In September 2016, he stated that then-candidate Donald Trump “appears to only care about himself,” adding that Trump “doesn't do his homework, doesn't know basic facts that you'd need to know.” Obama came out swinging again last week when he condemned President Trump for rescinding DACA, calling the move “cruel.” Obama is not the first former president to speak out, but he may well be transforming the post-presidency in ways no less profound than Trump's efforts to change the presidency.

旁观者早就好奇贝拉克·奥巴马卸任后会有何作为。年富力强的他仍在思考着社会问题,自始至终似乎不大可能与那些置身事外的前任总统为伍。2016年9月,他声言当时作为候选人的唐纳德·特朗普“似乎只关心自己”,还说特朗普“未做充分准备,连该知道的基本事实都不知道”云云。上周,奥巴马再次公开发难,抨击特朗普总统废除“童年抵美者暂缓遣返”计划的做法,称此举“绝情”。奥巴马虽不是第一个仗义执言的前任总统,但他很可能将颠覆卸任总统的形象,其深远意义不亚于特朗普改变总统形象的种种做法。

It's typical for former presidents to disappear from public life—some died soon after leaving office, while others were so exhausted by the experience of the presidency that they withdrew from the public. But most former presidents have consciously chosen not to meddle in politics after leaving office. This retirement of former presidents has always stood as an example of a strong democracy. Unlike monarchs or dictators, American presidents surrender power. Unlike divisive partisans, departing American presidents promise to support their successors, regardless of party.

前任总统从公众生活中淡出,这是常理——有些离任后不久便撒手人寰,而有些则因在总统任内殚精竭虑而远离公众。但大多数前任总统都有意识地选择离任后不干政。前任总统的这种退隐一直是伟大民主制度的例证。不同于君王或独裁者,美国的历任总统不贪恋权力。与针锋相对的党争之徒不同,离任的美国总统总是承诺要摒弃党争来支持他们的继任者。

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