2021-10-18 18:59:01 来源:参考消息网 责任编辑:黄晋一

参考消息网10月18日报道

Humanity's Greatest Achievement Might Be Building Our Successorsr

人类最伟大的成就或许是打造继任者

Avi Loeb 阿维·洛布

If the Perseverance rover finds evidence for microbes on Mars, our self-esteem will not be affected since it is obvious that we are more intelligent than they are. But if the rover bumps into the wreckage of a spacecraft far more advanced than we ever produced, our ego will be challenged.

Illusory superiority and unjustified hubris are deeply rooted in human nature. They led the Nazi regime during World War II to trigger the death of more than 70 million people or 3 percent of the world population in 1940—an order of magnitude more than the death toll caused so far by the coronavirus.

Our own civilization might perish within centuries from now as a result of a self-inflicted global catastrophe, like another world war or climate change. If so,primitive life-forms such as microbes or even crocodiles swimming in the swamps of exoplanets might prove more prone to long-term survival than self-proclaimed “intelligent species” like ours. Given our tendency for self-destruction, we will be remembered on the cosmic scene only if we manage to launch long-lasting relics to space before we disappear from Earth.

The recently announced Galileo Project will indeed search for extraterrestrial technological objects near Earth.This scientific research program is essential for educating us about the cosmic reality that we live in. Our galactic neighbors will not disappear if we ignore them,in much the same way that the Earth-sun system was under no obligation to satisfy the self-centered notion of geocentrism.

We currently have a broader perspective. Life is a self-replicating molecular organization of genetic information that emerged from a soup of chemicals on early Earth and evolved through Darwinian selection to gain an advantage relative to random processes in its environment.

Even though our roots stem from a soup of chemicals on early Earth, there should be no nostalgia attached to our beginnings nor to our current evolutionary phase. The future belongs to artificial intelligence (AI)systems that through machine learning will supersede natural intelligence. AI systems could roam through interstellar space and last longer than stars, representing the ultimate winners of Darwin's survival of the fittest. The flame of consciousness that our body carries could be transferred to AI avatars that promote our goals in the universe at large—as if they were our children.

如果“毅力”号火星探测器在火星上发现微生物存在的证据,我们的自尊心不会受伤,因为显然我们比它们聪明。但如果探测器撞见一艘宇宙飞船的残骸、而且这艘飞船比我们有史以来建造的任何飞船都先进,那我们将自惭形秽。

参考消息网10月18日报道

Humanity's Greatest Achievement Might Be Building Our Successorsr

人类最伟大的成就或许是打造继任者

Avi Loeb 阿维·洛布

If the Perseverance rover finds evidence for microbes on Mars, our self-esteem will not be affected since it is obvious that we are more intelligent than they are. But if the rover bumps into the wreckage of a spacecraft far more advanced than we ever produced, our ego will be challenged.

Illusory superiority and unjustified hubris are deeply rooted in human nature. They led the Nazi regime during World War II to trigger the death of more than 70 million people or 3 percent of the world population in 1940—an order of magnitude more than the death toll caused so far by the coronavirus.

Our own civilization might perish within centuries from now as a result of a self-inflicted global catastrophe, like another world war or climate change. If so,primitive life-forms such as microbes or even crocodiles swimming in the swamps of exoplanets might prove more prone to long-term survival than self-proclaimed “intelligent species” like ours. Given our tendency for self-destruction, we will be remembered on the cosmic scene only if we manage to launch long-lasting relics to space before we disappear from Earth.

The recently announced Galileo Project will indeed search for extraterrestrial technological objects near Earth.This scientific research program is essential for educating us about the cosmic reality that we live in. Our galactic neighbors will not disappear if we ignore them,in much the same way that the Earth-sun system was under no obligation to satisfy the self-centered notion of geocentrism.

We currently have a broader perspective. Life is a self-replicating molecular organization of genetic information that emerged from a soup of chemicals on early Earth and evolved through Darwinian selection to gain an advantage relative to random processes in its environment.

Even though our roots stem from a soup of chemicals on early Earth, there should be no nostalgia attached to our beginnings nor to our current evolutionary phase. The future belongs to artificial intelligence (AI)systems that through machine learning will supersede natural intelligence. AI systems could roam through interstellar space and last longer than stars, representing the ultimate winners of Darwin's survival of the fittest. The flame of consciousness that our body carries could be transferred to AI avatars that promote our goals in the universe at large—as if they were our children.

如果“毅力”号火星探测器在火星上发现微生物存在的证据,我们的自尊心不会受伤,因为显然我们比它们聪明。但如果探测器撞见一艘宇宙飞船的残骸、而且这艘飞船比我们有史以来建造的任何飞船都先进,那我们将自惭形秽。

虚幻的优越感和无理由的自大感深深植根于人类的天性。正是它们导致纳粹政权在第二次世界大战中造成逾7000万人(占1940年世界总人口的3%)死亡,这一数量级超过了新冠病毒迄今致死的总人数。

一场由人类自己制造的灾难(比如又一场世界大战或是气候变化)或许会让我们自身的文明在数百年内消亡。如果这一点成真,原始生命形式——比如在系外行星的沼泽中游走的微生物甚或鳄鱼——或许会被证明比人类这样自诩的“智能物种”更容易长久存活。考虑到人类的自我毁灭趋向,我们只有在从地球上消失前成功地把可以长久保留的身后物品发射到太空中,才会作为宇宙的一部分得到铭记。

最近宣布启动的伽利略计划正是要搜寻地球附近的外星技术产物。这一科学研究计划对于让我们认清所处的宇宙现实至关重要。我们在银河系中的邻居不会因为我们无视它们就消失,一如地日系统没有义务满足以自我为中心的地心说。

我们目前有一种更宏大的视角。生命是由遗传信息组成并能自我复制的分子组织,它诞生于早期地球上的化学品“原始汤”,并在所处环境中通过达尔文提出的自然选择实现进化,从而获得相对于随机过程的优势。

尽管人类的根源始于早期地球上的化学品原始汤,但对于我们的本源以及我们当前的进化状态不应该怀念。未来属于人工智能(AI)系统,通过机器学习,它们将取代天然智能。AI系统可能会漫游在星际空间,比恒星还要恒久,从而成为达尔文适者生存理论的最终赢家。人体内的意识之火可以转交给人工智能化身,它们在广袤的宇宙间追寻我们的宏愿,就如同它们是我们的后代一样。(作者为美国天体物理学家、哈佛大学黑洞项目研究中心创始主任、美国人文与科学院院士,冯雪译自10月2日《科学美国人》月刊网站)

凡注明“来源:参考消息网”的所有作品,未经本网授权,不得转载、摘编或以其他方式使用。