2022-01-17 17:52:17 来源:参考消息网 责任编辑:张威威

参考消息网1月17日报道

Resolutions Are Not the Vibe for 2022

2022年不宜下决心

Faith Hill 费思·希尔

According to research, New Year's resolutions just aren't likely to work. Lisa Ordonez, the dean of UC San Diego's management school, told me that most goals get abandoned about a month into the year.

You might figure that declaring resolutions doesn't hurt, even if you don't complete them. But that's not necessarily true. The very act of goal setting can undermine results if it feels like homework: One study that directed people to practice flossing, yoga, or origami making found that focusing on the desired result actually predicted lower achievement. If goals are too narrow or too challenging or too many are attempted at once, they can obscure the bigger picture or lead people to focus disproportionately on short-term gains. Getting goals just right is hard.

Thus Ordonez's paper “Goals Gone Wild” advises businesses to think of goal setting as “a prescription-strength medication that requires careful dosing, consideration of harmful side effects, and close supervision.” And she told me that she thinks similar principles can apply to New Year's resolutions: Spending too much energy on them can distract you from other tasks, and from your relationships; feeling like you're failing to meet them can lead you to give them up entirely.

Of course, some people—unlike me—actually fulfill their resolutions. But they're not always happier. (Ha ha!) Psychologists call this “hedonic adaptation”: You may feel buzzed about your achievement, but not for long. Pretty soon you'll be thinking about another insufficiency to target. You may keep striving without ever really pausing to feel proud of your success—or to reassess whether you were chasing the right ends to begin with.

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