2022-01-05 07:24:42 来源:参考消息网 责任编辑:汤立斌
核心提示:2022年肯定会出现更多与疫苗相关的词语变化,就像疫苗本身会出新款——这再次证明了人类的百折不挠。

参考消息网1月5日报道 If 2020 was the year of the covid-19 explosion, 2021 will go down as the one in which the world struggled to get back to normal. The words of the year—chosen by dictionary publishers, other linguistic outfits and sometimes this column—reflect the disconcerting mix of familiarity and strangeness.

Getting back to business meant, for some, returning to the dreariness of politics. For others, “back to business” was more literal. In the traditional economy, inflation was the talk of central bankers and commentators, and transitory became the buzzword associated with it—until America's Federal Reserve abruptly stopped reassuring people that it would soon pass. People who had never thought much about supply chains began doing so as they were disrupted worldwide.

But nontraditional finance produced more new words—or new uses for existing ones—than the boring old economy. DeFi,or decentralised finance, is the widest term for a group of phenomena including blockchains, cryptocurrencies and non-fungible tokens or NFTs, a kind of title deed over a digital asset such as an artwork. (Collins, a dictionary publisher, chose NFT as its word of the year.) When the parent company of Facebook changed its name to Meta, the metaverse, a parallel digital reality in which users play and work—and can buy and sell in cryptocurrencies—shot up in online searches.

But the year's most significant words were once again covid-related. A pingdemic, unleashed by Britain's track-and-trace app notifying countless people that they had to self-isolate, showed the frustrating shortcomings of technological fixes. Variant made its way into everyday parlance, as the world started learning the Greek alphabet. Delta rampaged in the middle of the year, and the highly contagious Omicron was on everyone's lips as it ended—albeit with some confusion about how to pronounce it.

The most important word of the past year came right at the start. It is not a new word, but unquestionably 2021's most resonant. Derived from the Latin vacca for cow, and named after an early example used to treat cowpox, vaccines finally bent the curve of the covid pandemic.

With frequent use comes change: vaccine was shortened to vax. That can be used as a verb, especially in participle form (vaxxed), and has spawned variations including double-vaxxed and anti-vax, and portmanteaus like vaxophobia or vaxication (for people's first trip after getting their jabs). More variations are sure to come in 2022, much like new vaccines themselves—another testament to human irrepressibility.

如果说2020年是新冠肺炎大暴发的一年,那么2021年将以全世界力争回归正常的一年载入史册。年度词——由词典出版商、其他语言机构选取,有时由本专栏选取——既熟悉又陌生,折射出一种令人不安的情绪。

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